Ramon, Ilan

   Israel's first astronaut and a national hero. Ilan Ramon was born in Tel Aviv on 20 June 1954 and earned a bachelor of science in electronics and computer engineering from Tel Aviv University in 1987. In 1974, Ramon graduated as a fighter pilot from the Israel Air Force Flight School and accumulated more than 4,000 hours on various types of fighter jets. Ramon was selected to fly in Israel's first squadron of F-16 aircraft, and he rose through the ranks to become a colonel with responsibilities for the Department of Operational Requirements for Weapon Development and Acquisition. Ramon fought in the Yom Kippur War (1973) and Operation Peace for Galilee (see WAR IN LEBANON [1982]) and participated in the 1981 raid on the Iraqi nuclear reactor at Osirak.
   In 1997, Ramon was chosen to become Israel's first astronaut and assigned as the payload specialist aboard STS-107 Columbia, an American space shuttle. Ramon began training for the mission at the Johnson Space Center in Houston, Texas, in July 1998. Although a secular Jew, Ramon insisted on eating special kosher meals in space and met with rabbis to determine how he could properly observe Shabbat while in orbit. He took a number of personal and Judaic items into space, including a pencil drawing by a child who was killed at Auschwitz. Ramon himself was a child of Holocaust survivors. Columbia took off on 16 January 2003 and successfully orbited for 16 days. While in orbit, Ramon conducted a variety of experiments, and the mission was taken to be a success. However, 16 minutes prior to landing, Ramon and his six American crew mates aboard the space shuttle perished when the Columbia disintegrated above the southern United States. In July 2005, the control tower at Ben-Gurion Airport was named in Ramon's memory.
   See also Science.

Historical Dictionary of Israel. .

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  • RAMON, ILAN — (1954–2003), colonel in the Israel air force, the first Israeli astronaut. Ramon was killed on board the U.S. space shuttle Columbia in its ill fated 2003 mission. Ramon served in the IDF as a combat pilot and was among those who participated in… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Ramon, Ilan — ▪ 2004       Israeli pilot and astronaut (b. June 20, 1954, Ramat Gan, Israel d. Feb. 1, 2003, over Texas), was Israel s first astronaut and a payload specialist on the space shuttle Columbia. Ramon, a graduate of the Israel Air Force Flight… …   Universalium

  • Ilan Ramon — Land (Organisation): Israel (Luftwaffe) Datum der Auswahl: Mai 1997 Anzahl der Raumflüge: 1 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ramón — Ramon bzw. Ramón ist die spanische Form des männlichen Vornamens Raimund oder Rainer ein Ort in Russland, siehe Ramon (Russland) ein Ort in New Mexico, in den Vereinigten Staaten, siehe Ramon (New Mexico) eine Verwaltungsgemeinde in der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ilan Ramon — Infobox Astronaut dood =Ilan Ramon אילן רמון type =ISA Astronaut nationality =Israeli status =Deceased date birth =June 20, 1954 place birth =Ramat Gan, Israel date death =death date and age|2003|2|1|1954|6|20 place death =Over Texas previous… …   Wikipedia

  • Ilan Ramon — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Ramon. Ilan Ramon …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ilan Ramon — אילן רמון Coronel Ilan Ramon Nacimiento 20 de junio de 1954 Ramat Gan …   Wikipedia Español

  • Ilan Ramon youth physics center — was established in honor of Ilan Ramon, Israel s first astronaut. The center was established by the Rashi foundation in order to allow high school students that are interested in physics access to high grade laboratory and astronomy equipment.… …   Wikipedia

  • Ilan Ramon — (20 de junio de 1954 Ilan Ramon 1 de febrero de 2003) fue coronel de la Fuerza Aérea Israelí y astronauta de la NASA …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Ilan — may refer to:* Ilan, a town in Taiwan. * Ilan Hall, the winner of season two of Top Chef . * Elon, an alternate spelling of the name * Ilan Araujo Dall Igna, a Brazilian footballer * Ilan Pappé, an Israeli historian * Ilan Ramon, an Israeli… …   Wikipedia

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